The Pentagam

The Pentragram is the place where notes are written and consists of five lines and four spaces.

Musical notes can be written in lines or in spaces.

The Musical Figures

The forms that the notes take depending on the duration of the sound are called "figures".

The musical figures are seven.

Eigth note , Sixteenth note  , 32th note, 64th note , can be joined as follows:

The first four Musical Figures:

Looking at the image above, you will notice that the whole note  lasts twice the half note and therefore two whites are needed to make a round.

The white (half) in turn lasts twice the quarter note, so it takes two blacks to form a white. And so on.

By combining two figures of equal duration, a figure with an immediately longer duration is obtained.

The first four Musical Figures: